Wang Wenbin: To drive a wedge between China and regional countries, the US has been hyping up issues of water resources of the Lancang-Mekong River, which is baseless, scientifically incorrect and hegemonic. I'd like to make the following clarifications.
First, Lancang-Mekong countries all have the right to the reasonable development and utilization of water resources. According to CGIAR statistics, based on their development needs, Mekong countries have built over 300 hydropower stations on the mainstream and branches of Mekong River. Based on scientific evaluation, China built 11 hydropower stations on the Mekong River mainstream, which have contributed to economic and social sustainable development of riparian countries. The US accusations on China's water conservancy facilities of adverse effects are nothing but unfounded pretexts.
Second, the international science community and the Mekong River Commission already have a fair conclusion on the role of the hydropower stations at the upper stream of the Lancang River. China's reservoirs store water in the flood season for later use in the dry season, which helps maintain the steady flow of the Mekong. Besides, the runoff of Lancang River only accounts for 13.5 percent of that of the Mekong River, and its flow has very limited impact on the overall runoff of the Mekong River. Those in the US should learn more before saying ludicrous, scientifically incorrect things.
Third, at the third Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Leaders' Meeting, Premier Li Keqiang announced that China will share Lancang River's hydrological data for the whole year with the Mekong countries. The six Lancang-Mekong countries published the Vientiane Declaration to jointly foster an environment of lasting peace, stability, solidarity and harmony, and to support the building of an information sharing platform of Lancang-Mekong water resources cooperation. Upholding the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, our cooperation has been diverse, fruitful and widely acclaimed by regional countries. The US, with its blatancy and arrogance against regional countries, will not get its way.
Fourth, China believes that Lancang-Mekong cooperation should be open, inclusive, and complimentary to and coordinated with existing sub-regional cooperation mechanisms. The US has a dubious motive in its repeated slanders against China. Is it contributing to the region's prosperity or sabotaging regional cooperation? Is it helping Mekong countries to mitigate the droughts and floods or trying to drag regional countries in to the trap of major-country confrontation? The US owes us an explanation.
The Mekong countries and China are linked by water and our future is intertwined. Attempts to drive a wedge between China and regional countries and to undermine regional peace, stability and prosperity will never succeed.