英语世界 2020-11-22 23:52


Saudi Arabia first women’s football league kicks off 

Saudi Arabia’s first women’s football league has begun on Tuesday evening, after being postponed because of the coronavirus pandemic. More than 600 players for 24 teams based in Riyadh, Jeddah and Dammam are competing for a championship cup. The total prize fund is 500,000 Saudi riyals. It was only in 2018 that women were first allowed to watch football matches in stadiums in the Gulf① kingdom. For many years, the authorities cited② cultural norms and religious teachings in denying women the right to participate in sporting activities. Conservative clerics③ warned that opening sports to them would lead to immorality. The results of the opening seven matches included an 11-0 win for Tigers over Jeddah Challenge, and a 10-1 victory for Al Riyadh United over Najd Al Riyady. The government-run Saudi Sports for All Federation (SFA) said that through the Saudi Women’s Football League it was striving “to empower women and to encourage them to become active and to participate in sports at the community level”. (BBC) 



① the Gulf: the Persian Gulf, the area of sea between the Arabian peninsula and Iran 波斯湾

② cite: [saɪt] v. to mention something as a reason or an example, or in order to support what you are saying 指提及(原因)、举出(示例)证明

③ cleric: [ˈklerɪk] n. a religious leader in any religion 宗教领袖;宗教领导人


Ethiopian troops are advancing on Tigray’s capital 

Ethiopian federal troops are closing in on Tigray’s capital of Mekelle, Redwan Hussein, the government spokesperson for the state of emergency task force, said on Wednesday. As the fighting between Ethiopian and Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) soldiers rages① in the region for a second week, Redwan said that national defense forces have now taken control of Shire, northwest of Mekelle, and Alamata, south of the city. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed launched a military offensive② in the restive③ Tigray region on November 4 after accusing its ruling party, the TPLF, of attacking a federal army base in the northern region, which borders④ Eritrea and Sudan. After announcing that it was “at war” with the TPLF, the federal army has since stepped up⑤ its military offensive, carrying out air strikes as part of Prime Minister and Nobel laureate⑥ Abiy’s “law enforcement operation⑦,” which has led to clashes across the area. (CNN) 


① rage: [reɪdʒ] v. (of a storm, a battle, an argument, etc.) to continue in a violent way(暴风雨、战斗、争论等)猛烈地继续;激烈进行

② offensive: [əˈfensɪv] n. a military operation in which large numbers of soldiers, etc. attack another country 进攻;攻击;侵犯

③ restive: [ˈrestɪv] adj. unable to stay still, or unwilling to be controlled, especially because you feel bored or not satisfied 难驾驭的;焦躁不安的;不耐烦的

④  border: [ˈbɔːdə(r)] v. (of a country or an area) to share a border with another country or area(国家或地区)和……毗邻;与……接壤

⑤ step up: to increase the amount, speed, etc. of something 增加,提高(数量、速度等)

⑥ laureate: [ˈlɒriət] n. a person who has been given an official honour or prize for something important they have achieved 荣誉获得者;获奖者;2019年10月11日,阿比因为打破埃塞俄比亚-厄立特里亚战争20年的僵持局面而获得该年的诺贝尔和平奖

⑦ operation: [ˌɒpəˈreɪʃn] n. military activity 军事行动


Apple to pay $113 million to settle state investigation into iPhone “batterygate” 

Apple will pay $113 million to settle an investigation by nearly three dozen states into the tech giant’s past practice of slowing customers’ old iPhones in an attempt to preserve their batteries. The company’s much maligned① throttling② efforts drew nationwide scorn when they came to light in 2017, stunning consumers who at the time saw it as an attempt to nudge③ them into buying newer, more expensive devices. States led by Arizona, Arkansas and Indiana soon opened a probe④ of the matter. “Big Tech must stop manipulating consumers and tell them the whole truth about their practices and products,” Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich said in a statement. “I’m committed to holding these goliath⑤ technology companies to account if they conceal the truth from their users.” (The Washington Post


① malign: [məˈlaɪn] v. to say bad things about sb/sth publicly(公开地)诽谤,毁谤,中伤

② throttle: ['θrɒtlɪŋ] n. a device that controls the amount of fuel that goes into the engine of a vehicle, for example the accelerator in a car 节流阀;节流杆;风门 

③ nudge: [nʌdʒ] v. to coax or gently encourage (someone)to do something劝诱;和婉地鼓励;敦促(某人做某事) 

④ probe: [prəʊb] n. (used especially in newspapers 尤用于报章) a thorough and careful investigation of sth探究;详尽调查 

 goliath: [ɡəˈlaɪəθ] n. a person or thing of enormous size or strength巨人;大力士;巨大的东西;强有力的东西 


George Clooney once gave 14 friends $1 million each—in cash 

George Clooney’s a family man now. He mostly stays off screen, opting to spend time with his young children and his wife Amal Clooney. But before he settled down, he visited a warehouse in an undisclosed① location to pick up $14 million in cash to surprise his 14 closest friends with. He didn’t have a family then. So, instead of saving it, he opted to give it away—in cash—to his closest friends. “And I thought, you know, without them I don’t have any of this,” he said of his friends. As Clooney tells GQ’s Zach Baron, he called his friends over to his home. “And I just held up a map and I just pointed to all the places I got to go in the world and all the things I’ve gotten to see because of them. And I said, ‘How do you repay people like that?’ ‘Oh, well: How about a million bucks②?’”(CNN) 


① undisclosed: [ˌʌndɪsˈkləʊzd] adj. not revealed or made known publicly未公开的;未披露的 

② buck: [bʌk] n. (informal) a US, Australian or New Zealand dollar; a South African rand; an Indian rupee(一)美元;(一)澳元;(一)新西兰元;(一)南非兰特;(一)印度卢比(big bucks 一大笔钱)


RCEP: Asia-Pacific countries form world’s largest trading bloc 

Fifteen countries have formed the world’s largest trading bloc①, covering nearly a third of the global economy. The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is made up of 10 Southeast Asian countries, as well as South Korea, China, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. Negotiations over the new RCEP deal began in 2012 and it was finally signed on Nov. 15 on the sidelines② of a meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean). While China already has a number of bilateral trade agreements, this is the first time it has signed up to a regional multilateral trade pact③. For starters④, leaders hope that the pact will help to spur recovery from the coronavirus pandemic. “Under the current global circumstances, the fact the RCEP has been signed after eight years of negotiations brings a ray of light and hope amid the clouds,” said Chinese Premier Li Keqiang. Longer-term, Mr. Li described the agreement as “a victory of multilateralism and free trade”. (BBC) 


① bloc: [blɒk] n. a group of countries that work closely together because they have similar political interests(政治利益一致的)国家集团

② sideline: [ˈsaɪdlaɪn] n. an activity that you do as well as your main job in order to earn extra money 兼职;副业;兼营业务

③ pact: [pækt] n. a formal agreement between two or more people, groups or countries, especially one in which they agree to help each other 条约;协议;公约

 for starters: (informal) used to emphasize the first of a list of reasons, opinions, etc., or to say what happens first(强调一系列理由、意见等的第一条或表示首先发生的事)首先,作为开头


Rocket to lift Chang’e 5 moved to launch pad 

A heavy-lift Long March 5 rocket topped with the robotic Chang’e 5 lunar sample-return spacecraft rolled out to its pad at Wenchang Space Launch Center in Hainan province on Nov. 17. The launch has been scheduled to take place before the end of this month. The 8,200 kilograms spacecraft, which consists of four modules, will then make its way to the moon. Chang’e 5’s sample collector will use a robotic arm and a drill① to snag about 2 kg of moon dirt and rock, including material that will be sourced from up to 2 meters underground. The ascent vehicle will then loft this cache② to lunar orbit③, where it will dock④ with one of the orbiting modules and then be integrated into the other, which will haul the stuff back to Earth. The moon samples are scheduled to land in China in mid-December. (Space) 


① drill: [drɪl] n. a tool or machine with a pointed end for making holes 钻;钻头;钻床;钻机 

② cache: [kæʃ] n. a hidden store of things such as weapons隐藏物(如武器);(秘密)贮存物 

③ orbit: [ˈɔːbɪt] n. a curved path followed by a planet or an object as it moves around another planet, star, moon, etc.(天体等运行的)轨道 

④ dock: [dɒk] v. if two spacecraft dock, or are docked, they are joined together in space(使宇宙飞船在外层空间)对接


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