【Economist】Carmaking: ICEy conditions ahead

新英文杂志 2021-02-22 23:08

中文导读

随着政府不断收紧使用清洁能源的期限,越来越多的汽车制造商将目光投向了电动汽车。德国大众更是斥资巨大,有分析家预计在2025年大众电动汽车的数量将超过特斯拉。纵使面对强有力的对手苹果公司的iCar,大众集团领导人Diess依然对这场电动竞赛持乐观态度,认为大众势在必得。不过Diess也认为内燃机仍是汽车界驱动的主流,即便到了2025年80%的大众汽车仍将使用化石燃料。

Volkswagen’s boss wants more electriccars—but won’t kill the petrol engine



THE SCRAMBLE to electrify motoring resembles a car race. Tesla and like-minded startups, unencumbered by the legacy of the internal combustion engine (ICE), are surging up the straight. Behind them, jostling for position at the first corner, are the established carmakers, urged on by ever-tightening government deadlines for clean power to supersede fossil fuels. Many are calling time on the ICE. On February 17th Ford’s European division said that it would go all-electric by 2030. Days earlier Jaguar Land Rover (JLR), an Indian-owned firm based in Britain, announced that the posh Jaguar brand would become fully electric by 2025. In January General Motors (GM) promised it would make only zero-emissions cars after 2035.


No one is dedicating more resources to electrification than Volkswagen Group, says Herbert Diess, the German giant’s boss. The company plans to spend around €73bn ($88bn) over the next five years on battery power and digitisation, he says. “The competition is now taking the same decisions,” Mr Diess notes, alluding to rival firms’ pledges.


Among the old guard, VW is indeed firmly in the driving seat. A fifth of the millions of cars it sells will be electric by 2025. Some analysts think that by then VW will churn out more electric cars than Tesla, today’s market leader. Mr Diess is more circumspect. A year ago he was confident his firm would lead the world in electric vehicles in ten years’ time. Now he is less sure, admitting that Tesla’s surging shares give it the resources to grow fast. Although Apple’s talks with carmakers such as Hyundai and Nissan did not go anywhere, the tech giant’s evident interest in an iCar could yet make it a force to be reckoned with, Mr Diess admits. But he still thinks that the electric race is Volkswagen’s to lose, not least because the cashflow from its traditional business gives him the money to invest in the future.


Indeed, despite all the noise about electrification the old ICE technology has plenty of mileage left in it. Unlike his counterparts at Ford Europe, JLR or GM, Mr Diess is unwilling to set a date for the demise of the fossil-fuel engine. His electric plans for 2025 still leave four-fifths of his firm’s cars powered by petrol or diesel. Volkswagen is a global company and, he says, many markets will not be ready for electric cars by 2035. Coal-fired power stations will still provide part of the electricity that might charge batteries, making electric cars a moot proposition. In places such as Latin America ICE-friendly biofuels will be the prevailing green alternative to petrol.


Scratch the surface and the ICE seems to be lurking even at firms which claim to be forsaking it. GM says its target is an aspiration. Citigroup, a bank, notes that the majority of investment by established carmakers is still directed towards conventional power trains. BloombergNEF, an energy-analysis firm, reckons that more than one in three cars sold in 2040 will be powered by petrol and diesel. Some will sport the Volkswagen logo. 


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Feb 20th 2021 • Business • 504 words




每日一学

2021/02/23

文章第三段第一句话“Among the old guard, VW is indeed firmly in the driving seat. " 中的 in the driving seat 如何理解?

注意这里用的 in the driving seat 可不是“在驾驶位” ,而是一个习语,表示“掌握控制权/主导权”,英文释义为 to be in control of a situation; to be in a position of power。看一个例句:Make sure to get good grades now, so that you're in the driving seat when it comes time to choose a college. 现在一定要取得好成绩,这样在选择大学的时候你就掌握了主动权。文中这句话就是在说,在老牌汽车公司中,大众确实稳占主导权。

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声明:

本文全文摘选自The Economist/《经济学人》(Feb 20th, 2021),仅供个人学习交流使用。欢迎转发至朋友圈。商业转载请在正文前注明“本文来自新英文杂志公众号”。

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